Among academic specialties,
tourism studies have been one of the most eager to cope with cultural
identities.Most of tourist practices,especially in the South, rely on
intercultural relations between people often willing to conceive themselves
as being highly different. Therefore academic issues in terms of social
and collective identities have been put at the very heart of the work
of many sociologists, anthropologists and human geographerssince the
rise of tourism studies as an academic field (i.e. Cohen 1988; Nash
1996; Cazes 1989).
However, for a long time, most of these works have been driven by a
main question: how far do tourist images of the places and people they
visit influence these people, their cultural habits and their self-definition?
Somehow, this field of research has focused its attention on the causal
effects (often seen as deleterious) of tourism stereotypes, folklorisation
and commodification of cultural habits and know-how(see among many others,
Krippendorf 1975, Rajotte and Crocombe 1980; Turner and Ash 1975), often
reified as shown by many authors.
This analysis has already been made more than 20 years ago when an alternative
way of seeing was emerging. As a matter of facts, a generation of scientists
took another point of view in the 1990’s and 2000’s, less
critical, less Manichean as well. This generation underlined the role
of tourism in the revalorization of vernacular practices and local forms
of knowledge, as well as in the emergence of new formsof cultural expression
and reflexivity which shaped the modes of collective self-definition
within local societies (see among others Norhonda 1979, Harkin 1995,
Krystal 2000, Picard 1996, 2001). The concept of performance, among
others, proved to give way to renewed understanding of the agency of
local stakeholders, their identity and their staging.
This special issue will report the renewed approaches of dynamic identities
in tourism studies. It addresses the following questions:
1. Is this dualistic approach of identities still relevant in tourism
2. How could we assess the work done on identities by tourism studies
within the last twenty years?
3. What do we know about the implication of tourism on the tourists’
4. Most of the works having dealt mostly with groups, what do we know
about the changing identities of the individuals who, tourists or not,
are confronted to touristic practices which may challenge their way
5. Considering that identities are not changed only by touristic practices
but also by other entangled factors, what is the exact role played in
that matter by the social and economic transformations of the countries
in the South, by geopolitical tensions, by the issues of ethnic minorities
in the countries (such as China, Vietnam, Morocco, etc.) where they
are the target of government pro-active policies, etc.?
6. How did or could the theories of identity which have emerged in and
spread from political philosophy (Taylor, Ricoeur, etc.), sociology
(Castells, Giddens, Calhoun, etc.), anthropology (Appadurai, Amselle,
etc.) or gender studies (Butler) help tourism studies to renew their
approach of identity?
7. How do tourists’ and local people’s race, gender and
class identities articulate to each other?
- Articles are to be sent before 31st July 2012, for online publication
in 2012; articles on this theme can be sent up until 15th October, for
online publication at the beginning of 2013
- Articles will be returned to contributors before 25 October 2012
- Articles which have been accepted will be published online from 1st
Decembre 2012, after they have been translated
- Send articles to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Any article accepted by the Editorial
Board will be translated into two other languages besides the one the
article was originally written in.
Amselle J.-L., 2010, Logiques
métisses. Anthropologie de l'identité en Afrique et ailleurs,
Appadurai A., 1988, "Putting Hierarchy in its Place", Cultural
Anthropology, 3, 36-49.
Appadurai A., 1996, Modernity
at large, Cultural Dimensions of Globalization,
Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press.
Castells M., 1997, The
power of identity, London,
Cazes G., 1989, Le tourisme
international: mirage ou stratégie d'avenir ?,
Cohen E., 1988, "Authenticity and Commoditization in Tourism",
Annals of Tourism Research,
Erb M., 2001, "Le tourisme et la quête de la culture Manggarai",
Anthropologie et Sociétés,
Giddens A., 1994, Les
conséquences de la modernité,
Paris, L'Harmattan. Traduction de The Consequences of Modernity, 1990,
Stanford University Press.
Harkin M., 1995, "Modernist Anthropology and Tourism of the Authentic",
Annals of Tourism Research,
Krippendorf J., 1977, Les
dévoreurs de paysage,
Krystal M., 2000, "Cultural Revitalization and Tourism at the Moreria
Lanfant M., Allcock J., & al. (Eds.), 1995, International
Tourism : identity and change,
Nash D., 1996, Anthropology
of Tourism, Oxford and New
York, Pergamon Press.
Norhonda R., 1979, Paradise reviewed : Tourism in Bali, in Kadt E. d.,
Tourism : Passport to
Development?, New York, Oxford
Univ. Press, 177-204.
Picard M., 1996, Bali.
Cultural Tourism and Touristic Culture,
Singapore, Archipelago Press.
Picard M., 2001, "Bali, vingt ans de recherches", Anthropologie
Rajotte F. & Crocombe R., 1980, Pacific
Tourism: As the Islanders see it,
Fiji, South Pacific Social Sciences Association.
Taylor C., 1998, The Sources
of the Self, Cambridge, Harvard
Turner L. & Ash J., 1975, The
Golden Hordes, London, Constable.